Hydroxytyrosol is a polyphenol compound with a variety of unique biological activities, which can be found in olive fruits and branches and leaves. Hydroxytyrosol has no toxicity, but has anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antibacterial and antioxidant effects, and is widely used in medicine, food, cosmetics and so on.
Human promyelocytic leukemia cell HL60, adenocarcinoma cell HT29 and HT29 clone 19A, and female breast cancer McF-7 cells are tumor cells in cancer diseases. Hydroxytyrool can inhibit the proliferation of these cells to some extent, inhibit the circulation of tumor cells and induce their apoptosis. So that it can get good anticancer activity.
Further study of hydroxytyrosol showed that it could block the reentry of HIV into host cells with GP41 protein after the joint, so the use of hydroxytyrosol in the prevention and treatment of AIDS may achieve good effects in the future.