Caffeic acid is a kind of phenolic acid compound, which is light yellow and crystalline, with irritating properties. It is easily dissolved in hot water, cold acetic acid, and ethyl acetate, but slightly dissolved in cold water. Caffeic acid exists naturally in plants such as honeysuckle, silk cypress, and artichoke, and also exists in coffee in the form of chlorogenic acid.
The basic information of caffeic acid is the molecular formula C9H8O4, molecular weight 180.15, CAS number 331-39-5. Caffeic acid is not only an inhibitor of the TRPV1 ion channel and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO), but also has a variety of biological activities, and is widely used in medicine, cosmetics, biochemical research, organic synthesis, and other fields.
In the field of medicine, caffeic acid is used as a pharmaceutical raw material for the preparation of drugs and can be added as a moisturizing ingredient in the field of cosmetics. Caffeic acid is used in the production of products in many industries. Relatively speaking, it is more widely used in the pharmaceutical industry.