What is tyramine? If you are not engaged in the relevant industry, I think many people do not know it, then, let’s have a simple understanding of it, tyramine, also known as p-hydroxyphenylethylene amine, belongs to the organic compound, it is relatively common in plants and animals, such as spices, tobacco, cheese, meat, fish, beans, yeast and so on have tyramine, of course, we can also synthesize tyramine from tyrosine.
Tyramine is a white or white crystalline powder, slightly soluble in water, benzene, xylene, and ethanol. Its molecular formula is C8H11NO with a molecular weight of 137.18. Its solubility in water at 15°C is 1g/95ml, its melting point is 155-163°C, and its boiling point is 175-181°C 8 mmHg. CAS login number 51-67-2, EINECS login number 200-115-8.
Tyramine is mainly used in medicine, it can promote the release of catecholamines. Because catecholamines cannot penetrate the blood-brain barrier, they can only produce peripheral sympathetic effects that are not psychoactive. Ingestion of foods containing tyramine and monoamine oxidase inhibitors may cause high blood pressure. It is recommended to control the intake of tyramine to avoid adverse reactions caused by inappropriate ingestion of tyramine.